Basics of Non Invasive Ventilation

Faculty: Franco Aprà – Italy, Paolo Groff – Italy, Roberta Petrino – Italy; Angel Chapa - Spain

Learning Objectives

  • To understand pathophysiology of acute hypoxaemic and hypercapnic respiratory failure and the rationale of applying a positive pressure non invasive ventilation as early treatment in the ED
  • To know goals, indications and limits of non invasive ventilation
  • To understand mechanism of action of C-PAP and B-PAP, and its use in several pathological conditions frequently encountered in the emergency setting
  • To know how a ventilator is made, its function and setting and the different interfaces to the patient
h. 8.45 Welcome and address
h. 9.00 Pathophisiology of respiratory failure
  • hypoxemic RF
  • hypercapnic RR
h. 9.45 Goals and limits of Non Invasive Mechanical Ventilation
h. 10.15 PEEP and C-PAP: Mechanism of action, indications and contra-indications.
h. 11.00 Coffee break
h. 11.15 Non invasive Ventilation: PSV, Bi-PAP: Mechanism of action, indications and contra-indications.
h 12.15 Monitoring during NIV
h. 12.45 lunch
h. 13.45 Setting the ventilator
h. 14.30 Interfaces: masks, helmets and accessories
h. 15.00 Coffee break
h. 15.20 Clinical case discussion with practical demonstration – All faculty
  • Acute cardiogenic pulmonary oedema
  • COPD exacerbation
  • Hypoxemic respiratory failure (pneumonia, ARDS)
h. 17.00 Multiple choice questions
h. 17.30 end of course

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